Energy-efficient lighting technologies and the need to develop alternate technologies is gaining importance in India due to issues of energy deficiency, electrification of remote rural regions, and energy sustainability.
Light Emitting Diode (LED) lighting is considered the key emerging segment in the Indian lighting market, according to Frost & Sullivan Research, and this market - worth $73.3 million in 2010 will grow at a CAGR 45.53 percent till 2015. The growth is attributed to short-term drivers namely, street light applications and the railway sector. Over 60 percent of the total demand in 2012 will be attributed to these two applications.
Frost & Sullivan expects LED lighting to grow significantly and replace traditional lighting technologies, but its penetration largely depends on standardization, government support, awareness, and affordability. Keeping in perspective the challenges faced by the LED lighting suppliers and end users.
"The excitement around LED Lighting applications is helping it to move towards newer user segments, thus expanding this market considerably. The major challenges of absence of standards and lack of awareness are being mitigated by the efforts of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) and the LED industry, thereby facilitating its usage in hitherto low-usage application areas. Phenomenal growth of the market is expected to make viable commercial volumes of local manufacturing that shall aid in driving down the prices of the products significantly. As energy conservation initiatives gain more prominence, this industry is all set to acquire a star status in the next couple of years," said Niju V., deputy director, Automation & Electronics Practice, Frost & Sullivan, South Asia & Middle East.
The LED lighting market has its challenges. LED lighting installations require more complicated designs, spanning optical, thermal, and electronics domains. LED lamps continue to be expensive compared to conventional lamps; they rely on imports, as current economies of scale prevent indigenous manufacturing. Absence of uniform standards for different applications is also restraining LED adoption and is paving the way for sub-standard cheaper imports to flood the market.
The highly competitive factors affecting the Indian Lighting Market are price advantage and brand image. LEDs are garnering significant interest and playing a vital role in LEED certified buildings in India. The BEE is working with lighting associations to define standards, testing protocols, and certifying parameters for different lighting applications. Star rating labels are being made mandatory for luminaires/lamps for indoor commercial and outdoor lighting applications. Government backing for green technologies and thereby its adoption in high-value applications like street lighting is helping LED Lighting make inroads in the Indian lighting industry. The increasing awareness of LED lighting benefits is also influencing its slow and steady penetration.
Frost & Sullivanân's study provides an in-depth coverage of the LED lighting market in India by product and application segments. It discusses the key trends across applications and also analyzes the market opportunities in India for LED lighting to provide strategic recommendations based on findings from the electronics manufacturing industry.